the text structure of an essay is the
the text structure of an essay is the
Please remember that the conclusion is not merely a brief repetition of your results. Focus instead on what your results may imply after careful consideration (the consideration that you outlined in your discussion).
The first paragraph reminds your reader about the aim, preferably hinting at how you will contribute to the field. You may for example write “This is the first study to examine the correlation between …” Then you briefly account for the most important parts of your results, perhaps linking them to your hypothesis if you have one. You may say that the first paragraph makes for a shortcut into the discussion: it should enable your readers to understand the discussion without reading all the sections of your thesis.
The focus of such an essay predicts its structure. It dictates the information readers need to know and the order in which they need to receive it. Thus your essay‘s structure is necessarily unique to the main claim you’re making. Although there are guidelines for constructing certain classic essay types (e.g., comparative analysis), there are no set formula.
- State your thesis in a sentence or two, then write another sentence saying why it’s important to make that claim. Indicate, in other words, what a reader might learn by exploring the claim with you. Here you’re anticipating your answer to the “why” question that you’ll eventually flesh out in your conclusion.
- Begin your next sentence like this: “To be convinced by my claim, the first thing a reader needs to know is . . .” Then say why that’s the first thing a reader needs to know, and name one or two items of evidence you think will make the case. This will start you off on answering the “what” question. (Alternately, you may find that the first thing your reader needs to know is some background information.)
- Begin each of the following sentences like this: “The next thing my reader needs to know is . . .” Once again, say why, and name some evidence. Continue until you’ve mapped out your essay.
The title should catch the reader’s attention and interest and also indicate what to expect of the paper.
The discussion is the section where you as a writer are the most active and it should be the most substantial section of the entire paper. You should interpret, analyze and discuss your results as well as compare and contrast them to previous research.
Choose the assigned reading and introduce the text to the students. Introduce the idea that texts have organizational patters called text structures. Introduce the following common text structures (see chart below for more detailed information): description, sequence,problem and solution, cause and effect, and compare and contrast. Introduce and model using a graphic organizer to chart the text structure.
Show examples of paragraphs that correspond to each text structure.Examine topic sentences that clue the reader to a specific structure. Model the writing of a paragraph that uses a specific text structure.Have students try write paragraphs that follow a specific text structure. Have students diagram these structures using a graphic organizer.
Let’s say that your friend Calvin has just been asked to write a brief essay on different types of animals. He has decided that the best way to format his piece will be to divide the topic of animals into three subtopics that include mammals, reptiles, and birds. From there, Calvin plans to further divide each subtopic into categories that highlight attributes and examples of each type of animal. With this type of plan in place, Calvin prepares to write his essay using classification-division text structure.
There are many different types of animals that roam, crawl, swim, walk, or fly around our planet. Mammals, for example, are animals with very distinctive attributes, including the fact that they are warm-blooded, give birth to live young, nurse their young, and have hair or fur on their bodies. Cats, dogs, giraffes, monkeys, and rabbits are all examples of some of the many different mammals you might find. Reptiles, on the other hand, are cold-blooded, lay eggs to give birth, and are covered in scales rather than hair. Lizards, snakes, and crocodiles are all reptiles. Then there are birds. Birds are warm-blooded, but like reptiles, they lay eggs to give birth. Their bodies are covered in feathers rather than fur or scales. Different types of birds include canaries, bluejays, cardinals, wrens, eagles, hawks, owls, and even little parakeets. These are but three examples of the many animals that you might come across as you traverse our great planet. All have their own unique characteristics and are interesting and important in their own way.